An estimated 1,000 Taiwanese living in the US are expected to join the demonstration which has been set for September 16.
Kao-Chin Su-Mei, a descendent of the Atayal people and a Taiwanese MP, will lead the action.
“We wanted to tell the world that Japan hasn’t reflected on its wartime atrocities and taken responsibility for its actions… We were treated rudely by the Japanese police on June 14,” Ms Kao-Chin said, referring to a recent attempt to protest outside of Tokyo’s controversial Yasukuni shrine.
The Yasukuni Shinto shrine is dedicated to 2.5 million war dead, including 14 convicted war criminals.
The shrine also lists the names of 28,000 Taiwanese and Korean soldiers, many of whom where forced into service under Japanese colonial rule.
Japan ruled Taiwan for 50 years, from 1895 to 1945.
An estimated 20,000 Taiwanese aborigines were drafted to fight for Japan during World War Two.
Only a third of them returned home.
Visits to the shrine by Japan’s prime minister have repeatedly sparked outrage in China and South Korea and other countries across the region.
In June, Ms Kao-Chin arrived in Tokyo to lead a protest at Yasukuni, but was thwarted by police who refused to allow her and about 60 other protesters to enter the site.
But she vowed that the fight to win the return of ancestral spirit tablets and the removal of Taiwanese names from Yasukuni’s enshrinement list would continue.
Now it is set to be played out on the international stage, with the world’s attention drawn to the UN summit this week, an event being billed as one of the largest ever leadership talk-fests.